TABLE 1.  Recommend Dietary Allowances and tolerable upper intake levels (when available) from the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine, compared to recommendations for cancer survivors by the referenced authors. (Note: RDAs have been converted from milligrams and micrograms to International Units for easy comparison.)
               
SUBSTANCE   RDA to prevent Tolerable Upper Keane & Chace Murray et al Goodman Moss
    deficiency, age 51-70 Intake Level        
Vitamins              
vitamin A   2970 IU M, 2310 IU F 9900 IU 10000 IU 5000 IU 10000 IU 10000-20000 IU
beta carotene   * see note 1   15000 IU 5000-25000 IU 25000 IU 10000 IU
vitamin B complex           50 mg  
   B1 thiamine   1.2 mg M, 1.1 mg F   28 mg 10-100 mg    
   B2 riboflavin   1.3 mg M, 1.1 mg F   32 mg 10-50 mg    
   B3 niacin   16 mg M, 14 mg F 35 mcg 20 mg 10-100 mg    
   B3 niacinamide       380 mg 10-30 mg    
   B5 pantothenic acid   5 mg   150 mg 25-100 mg    
   B6 pyroxidine   1.7 mg M, 1.5 mg F 100 mg   25-100 mg    
   B12 cobalmin   2.4 mcg   120 mcg 400 mcg    
   folic acid (folate)   400 mcg 1000 mcg 800 mcg 400-800 mcg    
   dibencozide (B12 coenzyme)       500 mcg      
vitamin C   90 mg M, 75 mg F 2000 mg 1200 mg 250-1000 mg 6000-10,000 mg 1000-2000 mg
vitamin D   400 IU 2000 IU 400 IU 400-800 IU    
vitamin E         100-800 IU 200-400 IU  
    alpha tocopherol   22.4 IU 1493 IU 400 IU      400-600 IU
    mixed tocopherols             400-600 IU
    tocotrienols             100-200 mg
vitamin K   120 mcg M, 90 mcg F   60 mcg 60-300 mcg    
biotin   30 mcg   300 mcg 100-300 mcg    
choline   550 mg M, 425 mg F 3500 mg 125 mg 10-100 mg    
               
Nutrients              
coenzyme Q10             30-300 mg
glutamine       100 mg      
glutathione              
inositol       120 mg 10-100 mg    
inosine       80 mg      
lipoic acid             50-200 mg
lutein/mixed carotenoids             25000 IU
lycopene             40 mg
melatonin              
para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)       50 mg      
omega 3 fatty acid   .75 g EPA + DHA **   1 g      
trimethylglycine HCl       100 mg      
               
Minerals              
Boron         1-6 mg    
calcium   1200 mg 2500 mg 400 mg 250-1500 mg    
chromium   30 mcg M, 20 mcg F   200 mcg 200-400 mcg 100 mg  
copper   900 mcg 10,000 mcg 2 mg 1-2 mg    
flouride   4 mg M, 3 mg F 10 mg        
iodine   150 mcg 1100 mcg 150 mcg      
iron   8 mg 45 mg 10 mg 15-30 mg    
magnesium   420 mg M, 320 mg F 350 mg 100 mg 250-500 mg 200 mg  
manganese   2.3 mg M, 1.8 mg F 11 mg 8 mg 10-15 mg    
molybdenum   45 mcg 2000 mcg   10-25 mcg    
nickel   not determined 1 mg        
phosphorus   700 mg 4000 mg        
potassium       99 mg 200-500 mg    
selenium   55 mcg 400 mcg 100 mcg 100-200 mcg 200 mcg 200 mcg
Silicon   not determined     1-5 mg    
Vanadium   not determined 1.8 mg 200 mcg 50-100 mcg    
zinc   11 mg M, 8 mg F 40 mg 20 mg 15-45 mg 25 mg 25 mg
               
Other              
Flavonoids       yes yes    
Probiotics         yes    
flaxseed (ground)       yes 2 tablespoons    
whey protein         20-30 g   yes
proteolytic enzymes         yes    
curcumin         yes    
               
Note 1:  The RDA for vitamin A (retinol) can be divided among retinol itself and its precursors, carotenoids.  For example, for beta-carotene, 12 units of beta-carotene is equivalent to 1 unit of retinol.  Therefore, if only beta-carotene were used to meet the entire Vitamin A requirement,then  35,640 IU of beta carotene would comprise the RDA for males, and the Upper Tolerance Limit would be 118,800 IU.**  This daily value was set by an international working group, not the Institute of Medicine.